Mountain guide & touch Screen Maps,

                  Wasatch Range

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This page will help the map and guide user answer many of the questions they have about the Wasatch Back of the Wasatch mountains

     The map guide is to be used with the Garmin southwestern four state chip. The chip is manufactured to contain a topographic map of the four corners area of the American southwest. All public roads and towns, cities, and highways are on the chip. The author of the map rides the trails he wants to use on the map to create an overlay for the Garmin four-state southwestern chip.  

     The author has created visual maps using photographs of the trails and items of interest on or near the trails around Park City, Utah. The photographs used with the Garmin topographic map will enable the map hiker/biker to see where he/she is going. The Garmin four-state 4-gigabyte chip made by Garmin includes a complete geopolitical topographic map.

     The hiker or biker may use their smart device's compass to orientate the Garmin map. This will allow the user to know their exact direction of travel. The waypoint icons will contain the altitude, the longitude & latitude, and the elevation of an item. The most important item the author provides is the trail surface. The author has noted that anything other than a smooth trail is considered to have obstacles.  These items may be any size stone or rock. They may be root systems or dropoffs. They are the difference between a smooth ride and a bumpy ride.

      The Garmin map with the author's overlay will include the hiking/biking trails in and around Park City, Utah. The trail's name,  latitude, longitude, length, and elevation appear when the user touches the trail. Additional trail information the hiker/biker wants, including the rise and run, slope angle, and an interactive graph used to measure distances, are provided in the notes of the trails. Some trails have more notes than other trails.

     The Map Guide will explain how to use the Basecamp software and a smart device with the southwestern four state chip from Garmin. The summer Olympic Games used the word obstacles to describe the "rock gardens", jumps, dropoffs, cliffs, and "root systems" the riders needed to negotiate during the race.  The rider must be able to navigate these obstacles during their competition.  These are "real world" obstacles. You will find these obstacles on any trail on any mountain in the world. This is not a map or guide for an amusement park.

     Some trails are heavily used and need repair. Other trails are not easily accessible. They may have difficult trailheads to reach. There may not be parking close to the trailhead. There are many abandoned; mining roads, powerline cuts/roads, resort service roads, dead-end roads, cliffs, drop-offs, paths to no specific place, and unsecured/off-limits building relics in the Wasatch back. Not every trail is a hiking or biking trail.   

     To be able to travel from one interesting place to another interesting place you need a map with a guide. This mountain range is a scrambled mixture of old/new service roads, powerline cuts/roads; historic/abandoned mine roads, and abandoned railroad road-beds. There are twentieth-century single tracks and twenty-first-century banked turn single tracks.

     There are recreation-specific trail areas such as Round Valley or the Snyderville Basin Recreation jump park and playing fields. There are high-speed trails and slow trails. In and around Park City, Utah you can find jump parks, people parks, dog parks, family recreation parks, and skateboard parks. 

     There are various-sized parking lots located near trailheads for hiking and biking created for the 21st-century outdoor recreational individual. You will find two-lane roads with shoulders wide enough to park and shoulders where you are not allowed to park. There are paved trails for new riders and very narrow steep single tracks for accomplished hikers and bikers.

     This range was one of the largest silver mining sites in the world in the late 19th and early 20th centuries.  Before you click, read everything on this page. You have opened the Map Guide web page. The "Link " page is the next page. To open a sample of the actual map Guide click on the FWB  doc tab. The link will open and ask if you want to save the sample Guide. The answer is no, you want to read the document.  This is an example of a guide. It is not up to date. It has mistakes. It is not finished. The document is 42 GB, it will take a time to open and forever to download.

     Open the document. When the document opens look to the left-hand side of the document page.  A double column of numbered pages should appear. This is the "scroll to page" column. If there is not a separate column of pages numbered 1 through 145 you will want to open this column. This column allows you to scroll to and read any page in the document.

                                                          To Open The Column:

     When there is no column look at the top of the left-hand side of the page for the word "Navigation", if  "Navigation" is displayed click on the word to the right of "Navigation", and you should see "page".  Click on the word "page" and the double column of numbered pages should appear.

     When the "Navigation" choice is not available look to the bottom of the left-hand side of the page. 

There is a phrase similar to: "page 1 of 145  31,961 word doc." click on this phrase.  If it opens the double-column that is great.  Use the Guide.

     If the column does not open: look at the top of the page and click on "edit".  Then try to click on the phrase "page 1 of 145" in the lower left-hand corner. If this works, great.  If it does not, look for some other way to open the scroll page. Some office software has a small box that opens with a line for the specific page number a person wanted to find. Check your office program for other ways to open the "scroll to" list of pages in the Map Guide. With the "Scroll" working you will be able to match trails on the Garmin Map with useful information about the mountains.

     The Map Guide, the "document" will be included with the FWB edition of the Southwestern Four State chip from Garmin International. The Garmin chip has to have an overlay of the FWB author's trails and notes.  (This will require a license from Garmin International.  The author is working to acquire the license for the chip with an overlay.)

     The Garmin map program works with an IBM and Android touch screen smart device. The author is looking for apps for Apple smart "touch screen" devices. You may use the touch screen of your choice or purchase a device from Garmin. The Garmin software is free. You may also purchase a small touch screen laptop computer for the chip. Be sure there is a 4GB slot for the chip. You will be able to use a wireless mouse with a laptop. Garmin does make handheld devices, the 4 State 4GB chip will work with their devices, talk to Garmin International.

     Use Windows 10 or above operating systems. The Four Corners Area/4GB chip and the Guide will allow you to navigate your hike or mountain bike ride.

     The photograph is the Thaynes Canyon Service road as it leaves the 5-Way Xrd. 

     The Flowers are White Columbine, photographed along the Spiro Trail near the Broadway Ski/snowboard run.

 These white Columbines were photographed on 07  12  2019 on the Spiro trail. The photographs earlier than 2021 have date stamps of the month, day, and year. New photographs have a mix of day, month, and year. The author includes dates in the captions or writing when there may be some confusion.


Old  National Forest Service sign on the Wasatch Crest trail. The rules of the National Forests are different, usually stricter, than the private  property owners.

The Daly & Judge Mines Assay Office Tunnel and Powder Room.  Stay out. No trespassing.

The Powder Room does not have a toilet and there is no toilet paper.  This is a blasting powder room.

A reflection in Shadow Lake of the saddle between Jupiter Hill and Jupiter Peak

The Wasatch Crest trail weaves in and out of the National Forest.  The trail is also in Big Cottonwood Canyon. This area is a freshwater source for the Salt Lake Basin. The rules for this area are stricter than the rules for the Wasatch Back. You will want to contact the Salt Lake Office of the Cache-Uinta-Wasatch National Forest for accurate information about the trails through their property.

The National Forest contains "Wilderness Areas." They do not want these areas disturbed from their natural state. Please contact the Salt Lake Ranger office for more information.