Mountain guide & touch Screen Maps,

                  Wasatch Range

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           Important Information,

      helpful important information

The information on this page will make your hike or bike wonderful or, if ignored, will make you regret traveling into the forest.

     For the summer season of 2022: the Crescent chair is available for bike haul from the base area of Park City Mountain Resort. At the Canyons base area, the Red Pine Gondola is available for bike haul.

     The Deer Valley resort recommends parking at the main parking lot of Snow Park, the base area. There is public parking at the Silver Lake elevation, it is paid parking and limited.  

     The Park City Mountain main office number (off-season), is 435 649 8111. The summer season begins on the 17th of June, it is dependent on the weather and the condition of the trails.

     Deer Valley will have a bike haul from Snow Park Lodge and from Silver Lake Lodge. Call Summer Services at 435 645 6648 (summer services).  

Deer Valley chair lifts are; Silver Lake Express, Sterling Lift, and Homestake Express

     This guide is designed to be used with a Garmin International four State, 4 Gb. micro chip topographic touchscreen map. The specific map is the southwestern four-state map. The chip also works in the 4GB slot of an IBM or Android device with touch screen capabilities. Gramin provides a free software program, Base Camp to use the map.  Check the (web) internet for Gramin International products.

     The guide's author has created an overlay for the four-State Map. The author has produced the guide to explain how to use the Basecamp software with the 4- state chip. The author is contacting Garmin to make this map overlay available to the public. The guide is comprehensive. The Utah Mountains are very much like all of the American western mountains. 

    The icons on the touch screen maps are waypoints. Waypoints have a latitude, longitude, and elevation above sea level. Waypoints on the Garmin Topographic, touch screen map will have more information available at the "touch" of the screen.

     The latitude for this map is 40 degrees north. When you use the GPS finder on your smart device the minutes and seconds will be listed after the number 40.  (The  GPS is an acronym for Global Positioning System). This topographic map uses decimal equivalent numbers for the minutes and seconds of degrees.       Use the decimal equivalent numbers on your personal smart device, your android phone, or your IBM-compatible phone or device.  The details on how to convert degrees, minutes, and seconds to decimal will be included in the guide.  A "read-only" copy of the guide is included on this website.  

     The longitude of the map is -111 degrees west.  The decimal equivalent is used the same way as latitude.

     The guide includes a "visual" map.  The "visual" map consists of photographs of trails in the Wasatch Back and the forest in the Wasatch Back.  The "visual" map will help the map user find trails in/close to the photograph. 

     The touch screen map is used because it can take advantage of the 21st-century technology of mapping systems used in the cars, trucks, and recreational vehicles many hikers, bikers, and backcountry travelers now use.

     Samples of waypoint icons: "Xrd."  are "crossroads", and the international symbol for poison is a skull and crossbones. It is recommended for your health and safety to not use the "poison" trails, cliffs, or service roads. You will find icons with the capital letter "I" in a white circle, the "I" is for information. The mountain peaks icons are named mountains. The flag icons are points of interest or warnings.   

     The circles with an "x"  inside are trails at a crossroad. Click on this icon and read the trail's names and where the trails will go. The trails will be red on the author's overlay map. It is possible to choose a trail and change the trail from red to another color. This will make the trail stand out on your map. The author suggests using green.  

     A rider or hiker may start or end at either end on most of the trails, but not on all of the trails. Trails may be uphill or downhill. Trails may be a bike or hike only.  Narrow "single track" trails may not allow hikers. Trail signs identify bike-only or hike-only trails. Many trails are multi-use trails.  

     The property owners make the trail use decision. They may allow the trail-building organization to make decisions about trail use. Private property owners have the right to make agreements about the public use of their property.


              Trails allow hiking and biking, use the following instructions

     Arrows may be used to indicate a single direction. Use the icons, an "x" in a circle or an "I" in a white circle, to find the trail's name, to find if it is up/down or if it has some other application assigned to the trail read the trail's notes.

An emblem of a hiker or bicycle with a line through the emblem may also identify the use status of the trail.

     Read the caution notices on the map they are there to help the hiker or biker make the best decision. There are "approach" trails on the map, they approach or leave a specific trail. They may contain the word approach or connector. Many trails do not have a specific start or end. This means you must find the trailhead of the trail you want to use.  The trail that takes you to that trailhead is a "connector" trail. Popular trails, and busy trails usually always have a beginning and an end. Look for the approach trails, they will lead you to and from the popular trails.

     There are new and old service roads on the map. They are named "service roads" or "resort service roads". You may ride these service roads at the discretion of the property owners. The owners often post signs to identify the way to use the trail. Without the property owner's permission, you will be trespassing.

     The mountains of the Wasatch Back are classified as HIGH ALTITUDE DESERT. The air is dry and it is possible to dehydrate by the moisture you lose when you breathe. Carry enough water for yourself and the members of your party.

     Some areas do not allow pets due to native streams and water sources' pollution standards. Smoking and fires are usually or always banned in the forest by the owners of the property, the City Fire Marshall, the County Fire Warden, the State of Utah, and the United States Forest Service.                                                              

     This will be mentioned in the other documents and on the Garmin Map.  In the 1800s European decorative flowers were brought to the United States. Some of the "decorations" have been found to be poisonous. The most notable is "Poison Hemlock" this plant should never be touched and consuming any part of the plant may produce Death.

     Please do not pick the flowers, never eat anything whose nature you do not know. The University of Utah, Utah Poison Control Center may be contacted at phone 800-222-1222;  web; Their list of flowering plants on their website currently contains fifteen (15) plants.  There may be more. A quality field guide for plants and /or Flowers will help with the identification of poisonous or non-poisonous plants. 

 "The story always was this",   If a Tree Falls in the Forest:

"If a tree falls in the forest and there is no one who saw it fall or heard it fall,

will the tree still be across the trail, the next day, when you are riding downhill on the trail?"


Most of the back country riders watch for the tree.

The next photo is a sample of a "Visual" map. The photographer is standing on a bike trail in Thaynes Canyon, Utah, the CMG trail. The Photo is of Iron Mountain. The mountain is located in the "Colony" private sub-division. The Colony will only allow riders to hike or bike the Mid-Mountain, Iron  Man, and Goldfinger trails through their property.  The Canyons section of the Vail Resorts begins near the top station of the Canyon's high-speed eight-person gondola.

In the Iron Mountain photo, the faint dirt trail at the bottom of the canyon is the Spiro trail. It is a multi-use multi-directional trail. Because it is the only open trail in the canyon it is designated a SLOW trail.  Because the slow sign has been ignored the trail is surfaced with skid dimples from the top of the trail to the bottom of the trail.

The mountain peak in the center of this photograph is Iron Mountain. You are standing in Thaynes Canyon looking northwest to the mountain peak. The trail on the right entering the Quaking Aspen trees is Spiro trail.